Introduction to critical thinking: what is critical thinking? What are the 5 pillars? Can it really be taught?
Introduction to critical reading
Aristotelian appeals: logos, ethos & pathos
What is rhetoric? What is the rhetorical situation?
- What is argumentation?
- Claims, warrants, premises and conclusions
- Identifying premises & conclusions with exercises
50 fallacies are included including ad hominem, red herring, straw man, amphiboly, appeal to tradition etc. 3 sessions are dedicated to explaining the fallacies & one session is devoted to doing exercises.
One class is dedicated to comparative religion and herstory
Moral dilemmas are introduced and worked through in class
Media ethics are discussed with examples from newspapers/tv. We discuss how the media in Pakistan often violates their own ethical guidelines.
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is read and discussed. In this session, we discuss the nature of “truth”.
Distinguishing reliable sources from unreliable “noise” is also taught.
The course concludes with a presentation (argument speech) by the participants.